I teach the College’s exam techniques course and there are always questions about the best way to revise. Trying to retain information when your brain is bunged up with work, home, family and general life can seem impossible.
I am going to outline a method called Shaped Learning which uses neurological understanding of how memory is laid down. This method works for when you just need to learn a set of facts, models or theories. You need a 50 minute block of time, some notes of the facts to learn, and a timer set for 10 minute intervals.
The first 10 minute interval is spent learning facts. In class, this would be done with a set of slides with basic facts on them which the tutor would go through, simply stating the facts with no additional information or explanation. If you are revising alone, recite the facts to yourself. 10 to 15 minutes is a good length of time, but you can do more or less.
For the next 10 minutes you can have fun. Put the notes aside and do something totally different – play a game, do a Rubiks cube, check Facebook, do a drawing, sing, listen to music, go for a walk – anything that is totally different. The point is to use a different part of your brain. Don’t feel guilty – this is a crucial part of laying down the facts into memory. Stop after 10 minutes (that’s why you need a timer, as it is very easy to get distracted at this point!)
For the third section, you repeat back the facts you have learnt. In class, the tutor may do this by putting up same slides but with gaps. If you are revising alone, cover up parts of your notes or ask someone to test you. Don’t worry if you can’t remember bits, just learn them again.
Then you have another 10 minutes to play. These two gaps must be the full 10 minutes: don’t try to shorten the gap times.
Finally, in the last section, you apply the theory you have learnt. This is where you do an exam practice question or try to relate the theory to your own company.
At the end of the 50 minutes, you should be surprised at just how much you have learnt and, most importantly, retained.
- learn facts
- revise facts
- apply facts
lays down the neurological pathways that put facts into memory. It’s also a lot less daunting to break a revision session into five short 10 minute sections, plus you get to play in the middle without feeling guilty. What’s not to like?